The Western Heights may be reached via the Grand Shaft, when it is open, or via York Street and Military Road. Using the latter route you will pass the ruined foundations of what is thought to be a Knights Templar church with its circular nave and short chancel. Excellent views of the town, harbour, Eastern Heights and, on clear days, the French coast may be obtained. Fortification began in 1779 when England was at war with America and feared attack from America’s allies, France, Spain and the Netherlands. The Drop Redoubt, a detached fort, may be visited on Open Days. Connected to the Redoubt by brick-lined, dry moats is The Citadel, a much larger fort, now used as a prison and not open to the public. Barracks located near the top of the Grand Shaft were demolished in the 1960s. Image of Drop Redoubt (above) courtesy of Dover Western Heights Preservation Society.